Winter bugs like flu and norovirus must be taken seriously, warns NHS
Published: 1st February 2019
As the first real cold snap of the winter season hits the Cumbria, the NHS is warning of the impact of norovirus and the flu.
Certain infections are more common during the winter, particularly influenza and norovirus. This is due to a combination of factors, but includes factors to do with the bugs themselves, and the fact that they may spread more easily when we spend more time together indoors. The statistics show that over the last week, seasonal flu continues to circulate across the UK, with early signs that activity is starting to peak.
With flu continuing to circulate health bosses are advising there’s still time to get the flu vaccine and urging all those who are eligible to make sure they get it sooner rather than later.
Rod Harpin, Medical director for Cumbria Partnership NHS Foundation Trust and North Cumbria University Hospitals Trust said: “The flu vaccine is the best defence against flu, which can be serious for people with weakened immune systems. If you know anyone who is at risk from flu, please encourage them to get protected.
“With temperatures set to stay low, it’s more important than ever that people help doctors, nurses, paramedics and other frontline staff provide care to the most seriously ill, by getting the free flu jab if you’re eligible. You can get this through your local pharmacist or GP.”
Flu is very infectious and easily spread to other people. You’re more likely to give it to others in the first 5 days. Flu is spread by germs from coughs and sneezes, which can live on hands and surfaces for 24 hours.
If you do have flu-like symptoms:
Care for yourself at home – for most people, flu will be a mild illness that cannot be treated by your GP or other healthcare professional.
Rest, sleep, keep warm, take paracetamol or ibuprofen to lower your temperature and treat aches and drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
If you have a long-term condition that means you’re at greater risk of the complications of flu, you may need to seek advice from your GP.
Use tissues to trap germs when you cough or sneeze.
Bin used tissues as quickly as possible.
Wash your hands often with warm water and soap.
Avoid visiting relatives in hospital until your symptoms clear.
You can usually treat yourself or your child at home. You should start to feel better in a day or two.
Stay at home and get plenty of rest.
Drink lots of fluids, such as water and squash – take small sips if you feel sick
Eat when you feel able to – you don’t need to have or avoid any specific foods.
Take paracetamol if you’re in discomfort – check the leaflet before giving them to your child.
Avoid visiting relatives in hospital until your symptoms have stopped for two days.
Visiting your GP surgery with norovirus can put others at risk, so it’s best to call your GP or NHS 111 if you’re concerned and need advice.
For more health advice this winter, please visit www.nhs.uk/staywell
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